From; The History of Boe, Telemark, Norway.
Stadskleiv is situated on the south-east side of the hill towards Staurheim-evjo on the border to Eikjarud, an was the most southern part of the old Boe farms. It was "husmannsplass"(1) under Framboe, at least from the beginning of the 1700-s. But the name is much older. Stadskleiv (2) has been the name on a road up the hills here. "Stad" comes from the old word "stafr" that means "stav" (stick). That has something to do with the marking of the border. The same name is in "Stadskleivaasane" towards Roheim.
The old place was situated up on the hill alongside the road to Eikjabygda.
Eivind Henriksson and his wife Torbjoerg Olavsdotter lived there from about 1730. Eivind died on the place Evju, that was situated just below Stadskleiv, and here the descendants stayed on for some time. A new family (husmannsfamily) came to Stadskleiv. Olav Hansson og Else Olavsdotter had the place in the 1770-80 ies.
But the farmer on Framboe, Johannes Gregarsson, soon needed the place for himself. In 1776 he had taken over Framboe after his father, Gregar Johannesson, but did not manage to make a living out of it, and sold to his half-brother Joergen in 1786. Johannes kept the place Stadskleiv, and moved over there. In the beginning he was "husmann", an paid an annual rent of 12-16 skilling to the farmer. In 1802 Stadskleiv is valud to 170 rd.(3). The same year Johannes bought the place, and it was thereby separated from Framboe. In 1908 he sold the place to his oldest son Gregar, for 150 rd. But Gragar sold it in 1819 to his relative, Olav Gregarsson Nordboe, for 600 spd.(4), and moved to Kviteseid. Olav was the half-brother of Johannes Gregarsson, and when he bought Stadskleiv he took over the responsibily for Johannes Gregarsson and his wife, Bergit Taraldsdotter. Johannes died as "Foederaadsmann"(5) at Nordboe in 1830.
It seems that Stadskleiv was not "skyldsett"(6) until the registration of 1883.
It was given it own registartionnumber 66, and farmnumber 182 and 179c, the last was derived from Midt-Boe, farmnumber 10. The tax was set to 4 ort. In 1938 (this must be a misprint in Boe-soga. The year certainly must be 1838).
Olav Gregarsson Nordboe now owned Stadskleiv, and his descendants have owned the property since then. The second eldest son, Olav, bought Stadskleiv, and lived there from the end of the 1820-ies.
He was married in 1825 with Aaste Olavsdotter, sister of the renowned bishop of Hamar, Halvor Folkestad.
The deed was not written until 1846, when Olav Gregarsson Nordboe devided his properties between his two sons, Gregar and Olav, and Olav was given Stadskleiv and a part of Nordboe. The part of Nordboe that was given to Olav was some of the Nordboeforest in Hoeylassfjellet (Hayloadmountain) and the place Evju (mentioned earlier). In the forest of Midtboe, Stadskleiv had the right to take outmaterials for fencing, and to let their animals graze. Stadskleiv was valued to 800 spd.
In 1853 Olav decided that Stadskleiv with Evju should be devided in two even part between his sons, Olav and Joergen. This transaction took place in 1854. The farm was deviden into "Stadskeiv soendre" (southern), that was given to Olav, and "Stadskleiv nordre" (northern), that was given to Joergen.
The houses too were devided. Stadskleiv soendre received the main building, "lugubygningen"(I do not know what that is), the cow-stable, "eldhuset"(7) and half of the "badstugo" (sauna)(8). This farm was given a tax of 4 ort and 18 skilling. Stadskleiv noerdre received "stolbua"(9), the sheep-stable and half of the "badstugo". This farm also received the forest in Hoeylassfjellet. The tax for Stadskleiv noerdre was set to 4 ort and 19 skilling.
To Stadskleiv noerdre was later added a piece of land called Innleggen, with a tax duty of 7 skilling, that Joergen Stadskleiv bought from Boe, farmnumber 10. Joergen had in 1847, also bought one of the farms in Hasarud (no. 171c.)
In the registration of 1866, the two Stadskleiv farm are written together, and the following information is given :
Area 100 mål (10), marshy or sandy soil. Not enough forest for there own needs. Good grazeland for one cow. No uncultivated land. They sowed or planted :
3 ½ barrel of oats, ¾ barrel of barley,, ¾ barrel of wheat, 4 barrels of potatoes, and the crop was : 19 ½ barrel of oats, 5 ½ barrel of barley, 2 ½ barrel og wheat, 24 barrels of potatoes, 60 skp. of hay. Cattle : 6 cows and 6 sheep.
This farm was given to Olav Olavsson in 1954. In 1875 they sowed or planted ¼ barrel rye, ½ barrel barley, 2 barrels oats, 5 barrels potatoes. Cattle : 5 cows, 1 pig.
Olav Stadskleiv was married to Margit Joergensdotter Espedalen, who died allready in 1874 from 7 children, some very small. In 1877 Olav too died, 50 years old, and the same year died the 22 years old daughter Anne. Of the 6 remaining children only the daughter Aaste was more than 20 years old. She was married to Gjert Sveinungsson Kaasa in 1877. 4 of the children soon left for America. The first to go was Halvor in 1883. Joergen, the eldest son, inherited the farm, but sold it to his brother-in-law Gjert Kaasa and went with his brother Torgrim to America in 1886. The last was Anlaug who went in 1887. Only Aaste and Olav remained. He became a student at a teachers' training seminar in Asker. His relative the bishop Halvor Folkestad, helped him in that. He came back to Boe in 1884 as a teacher. He took back the farm Stadskleiv on allodial possession in 1887.
In the registation of 1886 Stadskleiv soendre received gnr. 57, bnr.1 and skyld 1,27.
Olav Stadskleiv was an active man in the community. When he had finished the seminar he first went to Busnes in Gransherad as a teacher, but in 1884 he returned to Boe, and was between others teacher on the Folkestad school at Juvaasbakken for 17 years. Every day he walked that distance on his feet. ( I do not know how far that is, but since it is mentioned here it must be quite a distance).
Olav married Ingeborg Olavsdotter Aagetveit in 1888.
When Ivar Gundersen resigned from the post as teacher of the Boe school in 1908, Olav Stadskleiv got that post after him, and in 1909 the family moved to Grauteknapp ( se there). The eldest children lived on Stadskleiv farming.
In 1916 Olav Stadskleiv was appointed parish clerk. He was also sitting in the town council for several periods. He first entered the council in 1898. He was chairman 1915-20. When he ended teaching in 1927, he moved back to Stadskleiv. He was parish clerk until 1931. Olav Stadskleiv was an interested farmer too, and ran his farm well.
The son Kittil took over Stadskleiv with a deed from 1926 for kr. 13.500. He has besides farming also been working in the forest, mostly driving. His son Olav who works at Hydro at Herøya ( a large industrial company) took over Stadskleiv with a deed in 1773.
Stadskleiv soendre has 45 da. cultivated land, sandy or clayey soil. It is uneven ground. 10 da. forest. There used to be more forest, but some of it was given to Kaasa in the 1880-ies. Stadskleivstykket still belongs to Kaasa. They had milking cows there until 1973.The usual was 4-5 cows, a horse and some young animals.
Kittil stadskleiv is one of the very few in Norway that has been using oxes for draught-animals. It was a little unusual to see the ox at work on the Stadskleiv farm, but Kittil said it did a good job, especially in the forest.
The houses are now on the top of the hill. The main building is from 1910. The cow and horse-stables are from 1909. The "eldhus" was taken down in 1919, and put up again with a new wall under it. The old "stolbua" was taken down in 1911, and a new one was built.
Joergen Stadskleiv received this in the early 1850-ies. This farm is also called Evju after the old "husmannsplass" that used to be here.
Joergen Stadskleiv bought a farm at Hasarud in 1847, and lived there at first. But approx. 1855 he buildt new houses on Stadskleiv and moved there. He also cultivated new land.
In the registration of 1866 the following information is given about Stadskleiv nordre :
4 cows, 1 calf, 2 sheep. They sowed or planted : 1/8 barrel wheat, ½ barrel rye, ½ barrel barley, 3 barrels oats, 5 barrels potatoes.
Joergen Stadskleiv who was a sergeant and a "torvinspektoer"(11), was married to Ingeborg Klokkarstugo in 1887( the cousin of my great-great grandmother).
Both theese people came from gifted families, that went on to their children. Ingeborg was the daughter of Tollef og Margrethe Klokkarstugo: Tollef was concidered to be a very wise man, and Margrethe was the daughter of Ivar Knutsson (Ivarsætta). Many of the descendants of Ivar Knutson have showed rich artistic abilities (12)(see Veierud and Klokkarstugo).
Many of the children on Stadskleiv also showed theese family traits.
The eldest son Halvor was a highly regarded master builder. Many houses that he buildt stands even to day, for instance the buildings at Sagavoll. The second son, Olav was a teacher and bank-treasurer in Boe (see Oestboe and Ytterboe).
The yongest of the brothers was the artist Torleiv, who created a brilliant name for himself. Allready as a child he showed remarkable skills in drawing. 18 years old he became a student at the drawing school in Oslo. Later he studied several places in Norway and abroad. But he always remained true to his home place. For a long time he lived on the farm Stadskleiv. In 1930 he buildt a house called "Kveldshytta" (the evning cottage) up on the hill. On the midsummernigt evenings he used to walk up to his cottage "Skrubbhiet" ( the wolfs lair) in the Oksla valley, and he lived there for the rest of the summer.
Boe - its nature and its people are living on in his drawings, in nature studies from the Lie mountain and in potraits of people from Boe. Torleiv Stadskleiv died in 1948. Boe community raised a statue of him, made by the sculpturer Dyre Vaa. ( see the book about Torleiv Stadskleiv and Dyre Vaa)
The two daughters of Joergen and Ingeborg, Anna and Aaste both left for America.
Joergen left the farm to his oldest son, the master builder Halvor Stadskleiv against "foederaad"(5) for himself and his wife. Halvor died in an accident in 1920, when he fell down from a building at Valen. His widow Kjersti had the farm for some years until the son Olav, also a master builder took over. (see Hoegvoll)
Since then there has been many owners. After Olav Stadskleiv, his brother-in-law Sveinung Espesett had the farm for some time. The next was Olav Gregarsson Veierud, who sold to Arne Stroemme in 1932. He got the deed in 1936 for kr. 19.000. Arne Stroemme's anchestors were from Drangedal and Sannidal. He went to a school for farmers at Foldsae 1923-25, and moved to Stadskleiv in 1934. In 1935 he married Tone Halvorsdotter Stadskleiv. In 1974 he gave the farm to his sons Asbjoern and Halvor, but kept on using the farm himself.
In 1939 the farm had an area of 82.5 da. Cattle : 1 horse, 1 colt, 6 cows, 1 ox, 1 heifer, 2 calves, 1 pig, 1 sheep. Later the usual has been approx. 4-5 cows and a horse. But in 1960 they stopped keeping cattle.
The area is now 50 da. cultivated land, 15 da. other land, 78 da. forest ( in the Hayloadmountain, the original Nordboe forest).
The new road to Lunde is crossing the property.
The houses are down on the hill. The eldest houses are from 1855. Shortly after 1900 Halvor Stadskleiv buildt a new main house and a new barn, and moved the houses a little. There is an old "eldhus" and a "bekkehus" in the court yard.
1. "Husmannsplass". To explain this word, let me tell a little story. Let us say
there was a farm called Midt-Fjell. There lived the farmer Torgeir and his
Midt-Fjell was a rather small farm because the original farm had been
devided many times during the years. Midt-Fjell was just one of seven farms
that made the original Fjell farm.
Torgeir and Ingrid had five children that reached mature age. They were :
Kittel (m), Nils (m), Kari (f), Randi (f) and Tarjei (m).
Kittel took over the farm. Nils was married to the widdow on a nearby farm.
Kari did not marry, and lived her whole live at Midt-Fjell. Randi became the
Wife of a farmer, and Tarjei what became of him? His parents let him have
some land in the outskirts of the Midt- Fjell farm, where he could brake
a little land to keep a cow and some sheeps. He could also take wood for
his own use in the farms forest, and have his animals grazing there during the
summer. For this he had to pay a small annual rent to the farmer (his father,
later his brother), and help working on the farm to a certain extent. He was on
contract with the farmer that normally lasted for his lifetime.
The husmann and his family normally lived in great powerty. He could also
find some work on other farms from time to time. May be he was a skilled
craftsman of some sort that could help.
The wife also had to work for others, and the children had to leave home at a
very young age.
The " husmannsplass" was allways a part of the farm, and the "husmann" did
not, like the farmer, pay tax to the state.
2. "Kleiv". That means a steep part of the road.
3. "rd" is Rigsdaler, an old currency like skilling. Now a days we use "kroner"
4. "spd" is "Specidaler", another old currency.
5. "Foederaadsmann" is a man who has "Foederaad", which means that he lives
at his old age, on a farm where the farmer has a duty to support him with
certain thing that were concidered neccesary to maintain life.
6. "Skyldsett" means that the duty to pay a certain tax to the state was connected
to the property. It is from then on a little farm.
7. "Eldhus" is the house where they had a fire (eld) and baked bread, boiled the
8. "Badstugo" is a small hous that was heated up to a very high temperature, and
where people sat sweating. Afterwards they washed themselves with water.
9. "Stolbu" is a small hous to store various materials, I think.
10. "Maal". One maal is 100meters each way
11. "Torvinspektoer". I do not know exactly what this job was. "Torv" means
peat or turf, so he was inspecting that for some purpose. In those days they
used to take turf for firing. He must have had a task in connection with that.
12. To mention a couple : Torleiv Stadskleiv and Theodor Kittelsen, one of the
most famous painters in Norway.
I am very much in debted to Trond Risting Kielland, or Norway for this translation. He has been extremely helpful in researching this passage and sending it to me via email. Thanks Trond.
There is more to this passage that lists names and dates. If you would like copies of the original please email me.